South Carolina State Flower
By: Seth June
The Yellow Jessamine, also known as the Carolina Jessamine, was adopted and officially designated the South Carolina State Flower by the General Assembly on February 1, 1924.
In the United States, the Carolina Jasmine is common in the coastal plains and piedmont regions (from Virginia down to south Florida and west to Arkansas and Texas).
- People use Jasmine and Jessamine as two variations of the same word
- But the state flower is NOT part of the Jasmine family
- Botanical Name: Gelsemium Sempervirens
- Blooms in very late winter to early spring and with enough sun light it will bloom again in Autumn
- No serious disease or insect problems
- Highly resistant to damage from deer and other wildlife
- Highly resistant to salt and other environmental factors
- Highly aromatic
- Highly poisonous
HOW TO SPOT IT:
- Twining, evergreen vine
- Narrow, glossy evergreen leaves (will develop a slight yellow or purple tent during the winter
- Yellow, trumpet shaped blooms/flowers
- 5 inch long capsules within the bloom
- Very adaptable and tenacious
- The Carolina Jessamine LOVES SUN
- Thrives in environments with plenty of space and moist, well-drained soil
This evergreen vine will climb trees, fences, and latticework at a very rapid rate.
Also, found in abandoned fields where it can act as a ground cover. When planted on a bank or slope, the flower will serve as a bushy, rambling groundcover.
- Provides extreme weather and winter cover.
- Essential oils are extracted to make perfume, candles, and lotions
- With the proper training, this flower can be used for many decorative purposes.
- Water before planting
- Plant in full to part sun (full sun is better)
- Dig hole 3x the width of the pot
- Cover soil with mulch
- Prune in early spring to maintain shape
- Keep soil moist
- Maintain mulch layer
- Fertilize 2 to 3 times during the growing season
- Train with elastic stretch ties
Butterflies and Hummingbirds
Yellow Jessamine, Carolina Jessamine, Poor Man’s Rope, Evening Trumpet Flower, Gelber Jasmine, Sariyasemin, Swamp Jessamine, The Mailbox Plant,
Do not mistake this plant as a honeysuckle. The Carolina Jessamine is highly poisonous and can cause death and other serious illness’s when consumed.
Pull out the coloring pencils, crayons, or markers and get creative!